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California Criminal Jury Instructions
CALCRIM
Volume 1
Series 700

 HOMICIDE
K. SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
(i) General Instructions


 




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California Criminal Jury Instructions
CALCRIM
Volume I
HOMICIDE
Series 700
K. SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
(i) General Instructions

CALCRIM 707.

707. Special Circumstances: Accomplice Testimony Must Be Corroborated—Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice
(Pen. Code, § 1111)

 


In addition, the court should instruct that when the jury considers this testimony as it relates to the testifying codefendant’s defense, the jury should evaluate the testimony using the general rules of credibility, but if the jury considers testimony as incriminating evidence against the nontestifying codefendant, the testimony must be corroborated and should be viewed with caution. (See People v. Coffman and Marlow (2004) 34 Cal.4th 1, 103–106 [17 Cal.Rptr.3d 710, 96 P.3d 30].)

When the witness is an accomplice as a matter of law or the parties agree about the witness’s status as an accomplice, give CALCRIM No. 708, Special Circumstances: Accomplice Testimony Must Be Corroborated—No Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice.

Give the bracketed paragraph beginning “A person who lacks criminal intent” when the evidence suggests that the witness did not share the defendant’s specific criminal intent, e.g., witness is an undercover police officer or an unwitting assistant.

Give the bracketed paragraph beginning “You may not conclude that a child under 14 years old” on request if the defendant claims that a child witness’s testimony must be corroborated because the child acted as an accomplice. (Pen. Code, § 26; People v. Williams (1936) 12 Cal.App.2d 207, 209 [55 P.2d 223].)

Related Instructions

CALCRIM No. 708, Special Circumstances: Accomplice Testimony Must Be Corroborated—No Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice.

CALCRIM No. 334, Accomplice Testimony Must Be Corroborated: Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice.

CALCRIM No. 335, Accomplice Testimony: No Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice.

AUTHORITY

·            Duty to Instruct. Pen. Code, § 1111; People v. Hamilton (1989) 48 Cal.3d 1142, 1177 [259 Cal.Rptr. 701, 774 P.2d 730]; People v. Guiuan (1998) 18 Cal.4th 558, 569 [76 Cal.Rptr.2d 239, 957 P.2d 928].

·            Accomplice May Not Provide Sole Basis for Admission of Other Evidence. People v. Bowley (1963) 59 Cal.2d 855, 863 [31 Cal.Rptr. 471, 382 P.2d 591].

·            Consideration of Incriminating Testimony. People v. Guiuan (1998) 18 Cal.4th 558, 569 [76 Cal.Rptr.2d 239, 957 P.2d 928].

·            Defendant’s Burden of Proof. People v. Belton (1979) 23 Cal.3d 516,

 

 

 



New January 2006

 

460.

CALCRIM 707. Special Circumstances: Accomplice Testimony Must Be Corroborated—
Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice (Pen. Code, § 1111) Page 457

CALCRIM 707. Special Circumstances: Accomplice Testimony Must Be Corroborated—
Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice (Pen. Code, § 1111) Page 458

CALCRIM 707. Special Circumstances: Accomplice Testimony Must Be Corroborated—
Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice (Pen. Code, § 1111) Page 459

CALCRIM 707.
Special Circumstances: Accomplice Testimony Must Be Corroborated—
Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice (Pen. Code, § 1111) Page 460

CALCRIM 707. Special Circumstances: Accomplice Testimony Must Be Corroborated—
Dispute Whether Witness Is Accomplice (Pen. Code, § 1111) Page 461

 

 

 

(Pub 1284)

 

Copyright 2008 Judicial Council of California. 

 

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